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Nextavenue.org: By Sarah Szanton
As a nurse practitioner providing house calls throughout Baltimore, I’ve seen patients who had to crawl to the front
door to let me in. Others had to throw me the keys from an upper window because they couldn’t come down the stairs
to the first floor. A 101-year-old had to get off a wheelchair to her knees to get to her own refrigerator.
Did you know that 10,000 people turn 65 each day in the U.S.? While many of those over 65 are healthy and
contribute to their communities by tutoring in the schools or volunteering to plant trees, others are like the patients I
just mentioned — frail and essentially stuck, getting weaker from a combination of constraints.
Moving from covered procedures to covered lives gives us the perfect chance to change things for my patients.
The vast majority of older adults want to age in their current communities. This makes sense, since they have many
ties there that make life rich. What can we do to help all older adults be as healthy as possible so they can maintain
these connections and be active parts of their families and communities?
We are actually at the perfect time in history to consider this.
We are in a period of rapid transformation of health care that started well before The Affordable Care Act. In this
transformation, we are going from a time in which medical providers have been paid for procedures and visits to a
system in which providers are paid for the actual intended outcome of the system: the health of a large group of
Moving from covered procedures to covered lives gives us the perfect chance to change things for my patients. For
centuries, we have known that poverty, poor housing conditions and poor education affect health; we are finally in a
position to do something systematic about it.
When the medical system starts to be paid for health, forward-thinking providers will start thinking more broadly
about all of the factors that affect health. For older adults, these can be simple things in their houses — shaky
banisters, unlit stairs, holes in the floor. They can also be issues with their medical care, such as being prescribed 26
medications a day from four specialists. Or issues with their own bodies, such as sitting still all day due to weakness.
The combination of these factors — environment, health care and person — can lead to disability or an inability to do
daily activities. When someone is unable to do these activities, he or she is three times more likely to be extremely
costly to the health care system than people who have diseases but no physical limitations. Fixing items like
banisters, lighting and flooring are straightforward, provide benefit to all who live in the house. And these changes last
much longer than a medication refill.
Grandma Moses didn’t start painting until she was 78. Eubie Blake performed into his 90s. With changes like the ones
I’ve discussed, we may be able to unleash that creativity in scores of older adults.
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